How to make an Action to accept dynamic JSON data from the user interface in Struts 2?

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How to make an Action to accept dynamic JSON data from the user interface in Struts 2?Error is an illegal operation performed by the user which results in the abnormal working of the program. By now, you’ve probably seen a few errors, either when compiling or running your code like How to make an Action to accept dynamic JSON data from the user interface in Struts 2?. It can be frustrating, but they can also give you a lot of information about exactly how you can fix the problems in your code about java and json. In this post covers the types of errors you’ll see when programming in Java, and how to fix them. Don’t pay any attention to the number of errors. Just read the first error message and work on fixing that error.

Problem :

I would like to have an Action class which should accept a JSON string constructed from user interface with no setter and getter in the Action class.

Is it possible? If so, what conventions would I need to follow in Action class and in configuration files (struts.xml)?

Solution :

Post them as content with type "application/json". You may do it with a simple jQuery Ajax call where you could specify the content-type and dataType.

   type: "POST",
   url: "/the/action/url",     
   data : {},
   contentType: "application/json; charset=utf-8"

Add json plugin to the project dependencies with json-lib-2.3-jdk15.jar. The plugin supplied with the interceptor json that reads and populates an action from the request.

If you don’t want to populate the action then you should not use this interceptor. Instead manually parse the request with this or any other third party library to get the JSONObject class. Or you could rewrite the interceptor and comment that code that is using JSONPopulator class but deserialize the object with JSONUtil class.

Also, you might find this examples useful when manually creating/parsing JSON data.

If you want to send JSON object with multiple key-value pair in it and you want to get these key-values in your action class without creating any setters/getters,

In the Action class decleration, we should implement ServletRequestAware and we should override the setServletRequest() method and set the HttpServletRequest attribute

public class YourClass extends ActionSupport implements ServletRequestAware

private HttpServletRequest request;

public void setServletRequest(HttpServletRequest request) {
    this.request = request;

public HttpServletRequest getServletRequest() {
  return this.request;

And in our targeted function, we should use above request object to get the parameter (by its name as it is set in the json as the key):

public String fetchData() {
  String key1Data = getServletRequest().getParameter("key1");
   String key2Data = getServletRequest().getParameter("key2"); 
  return SUCCESS;

Where your JSON object should have data something like:

var jsonData = {"key1": "Hello", "key2":"There"};

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